10 Tips to Have an Informed Conversation about Domestic Violence
Understanding the Issue
Misinformation about domestic violence and its causes creates barriers to appropriately addressing the issue. It is important to know the facts and to speak up when you hear misinformation in your community.
Perpetrators often perpetuate misinformation about domestic violence to avoid accountability, however, shifting social norms have helped the public to realize that intervention is possible. Bystanders can save lives by supporting victims with intervention.
The following information provides tips from the National Network to End Domestic Violence about domestic violence to assist with conversations with possible victims and offenders.
Misinformation keeps victims silent, keeps communities from identifying offenders, and creates barriers to effective intervention and prevention.
Conversation tips about Domestic Violence
Abuse is never the victim’s fault. As a society, we continue to place blame on victims by asking, “What did she do to deserve that?” or “What was she wearing?” or “Why was she there?” or “Why couldn’t she just keep her knees together?” Yet we do not ask these questions to victims of other crimes. We must stop asking these questions of domestic violence and sexual assault survivors.
- ASK: How can we shift the culture away from blaming the victim, and instead blame the perpetrator? Why does the abuser choose the abuse?
- RESPOND: Believe, support, and trust survivors. Instead of second guessing their experiences; let’s rightfully place the responsibility on abusers and perpetrators to end the abuse. Domestic violence is rooted in power and control.
- Holding offenders accountable can take many forms. If it is safe to do so, call offenders out on their abusive actions and impose social consequences, like telling them they’re not welcome for family dinner or to hang out until the abusive behavior stops. Stop excusing behavior with “boys will be boys” or “[the perpetrator] would never do something like that.” Community accountability can make a significant impact.
- ASK: How can we hold offenders accountable and support survivors?
- RESPOND: Tell the perpetrator that their behavior is abuse. Healthy relationships are rooted in equality, respect, and nonviolence.
Unfortunately, misconceptions about domestic violence persist – such as the notions that survivors can “just leave;” that heterosexual, cisgender women are the only victims; that domestic violence only includes physical violence; or that domestic violence is a “private, family matter.” Each one of these myths persists, despite our work to challenge these perceptions.
- ASK: Why can’t survivors “just leave?” Other than physical violence, what other forms of abuse can domestic violence take?
- RESPOND: Survivors must think about their own physical safety, financial security, the safety and welfare of their children and pets, potential housing and where they can “just leave” to, among myriad other issues. Domestic violence can include physical, financial, emotional, psychological, or sexual abuse.
Domestic violence does not happen in a vacuum. Survivors experiencing domestic violence often experience other “–isms” (e.g., sexism, racism, classism, heteronormativism, etc.), compounding negative impacts on victims. Collectively, these –isms play a devastating role in perpetuating gender-based violence. In 2016, a study was released that found that there is racial bias in media coverage of celebrity domestic violence.
- ASK: How do you think different oppressions and privileges affect survivors’ experiences?
- RESPOND: When coupled with other –isms, victims face additional barriers to safety.
Abuse is intentional. It is a myth that someone who abuses their partner is “out of control;” in fact, they are in good control (How often do they “lose control” at work? With a friend? With other family members?) and purposely choose tactics to control their partner. Power is hard to give up or share, and abusive actions are purposeful with the goal of gaining power and control over a partner.
- ASK: What do you think are common ways that offenders use power and control over victims?
- RESPOND: Strategically isolating victims is a common tactic to gain power and control over a victim. Perpetrators may trap their partners by withholding, lying about, or hiding financial assets, a form of financial abuse.
Survivors know their experience and story better than anyone. Taking a survivor-centered approach empowers survivors by prioritizing their needs and wants. Often, abusers deny their partners’ self-determination; empowering survivors returns their control and enables them to make their own decisions.
- ASK: In what ways can we support survivors in making their own decisions about how to address abuse?
- RESPOND: Listen! Ask survivors what they need to individually be safe – there is no one-size-fits-all approach to addressing domestic violence.
Within the last few years there have been a number of highly publicized cases of domestic violence. While raising awareness is important, it’s crucial to look at domestic violence reporting through a critical and trauma- informed lens to make sure the portrayal of domestic violence is accurately rooted in the realities of survivors’ experiences.
- ASK: What have you thought about recent media coverage of celebrity domestic violence cases?
- RESPOND: Survivors in highly publicized cases deserve the same respect as any person experiencing abuse. First and foremost, we must believe survivors, continue to hold celebrity offenders accountable, and keep in mind that everyone’s story is their own and unique.
Someone you care about is likely experiencing domestic violence, whether you can see it or not. One in 4 women and 1 in 7 men will experience severe physical violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime. #Every1KnowsSome1
- ASK: Do you know anyone who has been affected by domestic violence? How did you support them?
- RESPOND: Domestic violence affects each and every one of us. Violence is not the answer, and it’s on us to take a stand against domestic violence.
One of the root causes of domestic violence is inequality. Addressing this root cause takes conscious action and significant social change.
- ASK: What role does gender inequality play in domestic violence?
- RESPOND: Many dynamics of power and control are rooted in gender roles and stereotypes. One way to combat these ingrained inequalities is through conscious action (e.g., by calling out sexism, racism, or any other –ism when you see it) and youth education.
Domestic violence is everywhere, affecting millions of individuals across the United States regardless of age, economic status, race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or education. Domestic violence is not strictly physical abuse, but can include emotional, financial, verbal, psychological, sexual, and technology-facilitated abuse as well.
- ASK: What can you do to end domestic violence?
- RESPOND: There are many ways to help end domestic violence (here are 31 ideas)! The easiest way is to start a conversation about domestic violence with your loved ones. Support your community by volunteering or donating to a domestic violence organization. Learn more about getting involved at org/GetInvolved.
- Listen, and communicate that the abuse they’re experiencing is not their fault. Let them know that they deserve safety and
- Refer them to resources:
- If they are in immediate danger, please call 911, a local hotline, or the U.S. National Domestic Violence Hotline at (800) 799-7233 and TTY (800) 787-3224 or the Kansas Crisis Hotline 1-888-363-2287.
- Learn more about domestic violence from org.
- Find your state or territory coalition at org/Coalitions. Click here for a map and listing of Kansas Coalition members.
- Learn more about technology-facilitated abuse, harassment, and harm from org.
- Learn more about laws and legal remedies from org.
Download the 10 Tips factsheet.
KANSAS CRISIS HOTLINE: 888-END-ABUSE | 888-363-2287